The Enduring Spirit of ‘Lupang Hinirang’ in the Philippines

woman holding pink flowers


The national anthem of the Philippines, known as “Lupang Hinirang” in Filipino, holds a special place in the hearts of Filipinos. It is a symbol of national pride, unity, and resilience. The anthem’s lyrics and melody evoke a sense of patriotism and serve as a reminder of the country’s rich history and cultural heritage.


The complete original lyrics of the Philippine national anthem are as follows:

“Lupang Hinirang, Duyan ka ng magiting,
Sa manlulupig, Di ka pasisiil.
Sa dagat at bundok, Sa simoy at sa langit mong bughaw,
May dilag ang tula at awit sa paglayang minamahal.
Ang kislap ng watawat mo’y Tagumpay na nagniningning,
Ang bituin at araw niya Kailan pa ma’y di magdidilim,
Lupa ng araw, ng luwalhati’t pagsinta,
Buhay ay langit sa piling mo,
Aming ligaya na pag may mang-aapi,
Ang mamatay nang dahil sa iyo.”


The Philippine national anthem holds immense significance for the Filipino people. It serves as a powerful symbol of national identity, unity, and freedom. The lyrics express the unwavering spirit of the Filipino people, their love for their country, and their willingness to sacrifice for its sake.

The anthem’s title, “Lupang Hinirang,” translates to “Chosen Land” in English. It reflects the Filipinos’ deep connection and attachment to their homeland. The anthem inspires a sense of pride and patriotism, reminding Filipinos of their shared history, struggles, and triumphs.

Historical Context

The composition of the Philippine national anthem can be traced back to the late 19th century during the Philippine Revolution against Spanish colonization. The original music was composed by Julian Felipe, a Filipino musician and composer, in 1898.

The lyrics were written in Spanish by Jose Palma, a Filipino poet, in 1899. Originally titled “Filipinas,” the anthem was later renamed “Lupang Hinirang” and translated into Filipino by Felipe Padilla de Leon in 1956.

During the American colonial period, the singing of the national anthem was prohibited as part of the efforts to suppress Filipino nationalism. However, after gaining independence in 1946, the anthem was officially recognized and adopted as the national anthem of the Philippines.

Contemporary Relevance

Today, the Philippine national anthem continues to hold great importance and relevance in the lives of Filipinos. It is sung with pride and passion on various occasions, such as national holidays, sporting events, and official ceremonies.

The anthem serves as a unifying force, bringing together people from different regions, cultures, and backgrounds. It instills a sense of belonging and reminds Filipinos of their shared values and aspirations.

Furthermore, the anthem is a reminder of the struggles and sacrifices made by past generations to secure the country’s independence. It serves as a call to action, urging Filipinos to uphold the principles of freedom, justice, and equality.

Other Relevant Information

Aside from its significance and historical context, there are other interesting facts about the Philippine national anthem:

  1. The anthem is usually sung in a solemn and dignified manner, with strict protocols observed during its rendition.
  2. The official version of the anthem includes a musical introduction called the “Fanfare,” which was added in 1962.
  3. The Philippine flag is raised and lowered while the national anthem is being played or sung.
  4. The anthem is often performed in schools as part of the daily flag ceremony, instilling patriotism and love for the country among students.
  5. In 2016, a law was passed requiring all government agencies to play or sing the national anthem with the proper etiquette and respect.

In conclusion, the Philippine national anthem, “Lupang Hinirang,” is more than just a song. It represents the spirit and aspirations of the Filipino people, embodying their love for their country and their determination to uphold its values. Through its lyrics and melody, the anthem serves as a constant reminder of the Philippines’ rich history, significance, and contemporary relevance. It is a powerful symbol of national unity, pride, and resilience.


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