Lyrics and Their Meaning: Slovakia’s National Anthem

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The national anthem of Slovakia holds a special place in the hearts of its citizens, representing the rich history and cultural heritage of the country. This article will delve into the significance of the anthem, its historical context, and its contemporary relevance. By exploring the lyrics and other relevant information, we will gain a deeper understanding of this patriotic symbol.


The complete original lyrics of the Slovak national anthem, “Nad Tatrou sa blýska,” are as follows:

“Nad Tatrou sa blýska
hromy divo bijú.
Zastavme ich, bratia,
veď sa ony stratia,
Slováci ožijú.
To Slovensko naše
posiaľ tvrdo spalo,
ale blesky hromu
vzbudzujú ho k tomu,
aby sa prebralo.

English Translation:

“Lightning over the Tatras,
thunderstorms wildly beat.
Let’s stop them, brothers,
for they will disappear,
Slovaks will revive.
Our Slovakia
has slept soundly until now,
but the lightning and thunder
are awakening it,
to rise up.”


The national anthem of Slovakia holds great significance as it serves as a unifying force for the Slovak people. It represents their shared history, culture, and aspirations. The anthem acts as a reminder of the struggles and triumphs of the nation, instilling a sense of pride and patriotism in its citizens.

Through its powerful lyrics and stirring melody, the anthem evokes a sense of national identity and unity. It serves as a rallying cry, inspiring Slovaks to come together and work towards a common future.

Historical Context

The Slovak national anthem, “Nad Tatrou sa blýska,” was written by Janko Matúška in 1844. At the time, Slovakia was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and the anthem emerged as a symbol of resistance against foreign rule.

The lyrics of the anthem reflect the longing for freedom and the desire to preserve Slovak culture and language. It became a powerful expression of national pride and played a significant role in fostering a sense of unity among the Slovak people during a time of political and social upheaval.

Contemporary Relevance

Even in contemporary times, the Slovak national anthem continues to hold immense relevance. It serves as a reminder of the country’s rich history and the struggles faced by previous generations. The anthem is often performed at important national events, such as Independence Day celebrations and sporting events, further reinforcing its significance in the present day.

Moreover, the anthem plays a crucial role in fostering a sense of national pride and identity among the younger generation. It serves as an educational tool, helping to instill a deep appreciation for Slovak history and culture.

The anthem also serves as a symbol of unity and solidarity, transcending political and social divisions. It brings together people from all walks of life, reminding them of their shared heritage and aspirations.

Other Relevant Information

In addition to its historical and cultural significance, the Slovak national anthem has also undergone some changes over the years. The original version of the anthem had four verses, but in 1993, after Slovakia gained independence, the third and fourth verses were removed. The current version consists of the first and second verses, which are the most widely recognized and sung.

It is worth noting that the anthem’s title, “Nad Tatrou sa blýska,” refers to the Tatras, a mountain range that spans the border between Slovakia and Poland. This reference to the majestic mountains symbolizes the strength and resilience of the Slovak people.

Overall, the national anthem of Slovakia holds a special place in the hearts of its citizens. Through its powerful lyrics and emotive melody, it serves as a unifying force, representing the nation’s rich history, culture, and aspirations. It continues to inspire and evoke a sense of pride and patriotism among Slovaks, both young and old.


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