Lyrics and Meaning of Poland’s National Anthem

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The Polish national anthem, “Mazurek Dąbrowskiego” or “Dąbrowski’s Mazurka,” holds a significant place in the hearts of the Polish people. This stirring composition, written in 1797 by Józef Wybicki, has served as a symbol of national pride and resilience for over two centuries. With its powerful lyrics and historical context, the anthem continues to resonate with the Polish population, reminding them of their shared heritage and the struggles they have overcome.


The complete original lyrics of the Polish national anthem are as follows:

Jeszcze Polska nie zginęła,
Kiedy my żyjemy.
Co nam obca przemoc wzięła,
Szablą odbierzemy.
Marsz, marsz, Dąbrowski,
Z ziemi włoskiej do Polski.
Za twoim przewodem
Złączym się z narodem.

Przejdziem Wisłę, przejdziem Wartę,
Będziem Polakami.
Dał nam przykład Bonaparte,
Jak zwyciężać mamy.
Marsz, marsz, Dąbrowski…

Jak Czarniecki do Poznania
Po szwedzkim zaborze,
Dla ojczyzny ratowania
Wrócim się przez morze.
Marsz, marsz, Dąbrowski…


The Polish national anthem holds immense significance for the Polish people. It represents their unwavering spirit and determination to preserve their national identity, even in the face of adversity. The lyrics, filled with patriotic fervor, inspire unity and resilience among the Polish population. The anthem serves as a reminder of the sacrifices made by previous generations and the ongoing struggle to maintain Poland’s independence and sovereignty.

Historical Context

The composition of the Polish national anthem took place during a tumultuous period in Polish history. At the end of the 18th century, Poland was partitioned and divided among neighboring powers, erasing the Polish state from the map. Józef Wybicki, a Polish poet and politician, wrote the lyrics of the anthem while serving as a soldier in the Polish Legions of the Napoleonic Army. The anthem was intended to rally the Polish troops and instill a sense of national pride and unity during their fight for independence.

The anthem’s lyrics make references to historical events and figures, such as Tadeusz Kościuszko and Jan Henryk Dąbrowski, who played crucial roles in Poland’s struggle for independence. The mention of crossing the Vistula and Warta rivers signifies the determination of the Polish people to reclaim their homeland and restore their sovereignty.

Contemporary Relevance

Even in modern times, the Polish national anthem continues to be an important symbol of national identity and unity. It is sung with great pride during national celebrations, sporting events, and gatherings. The anthem serves as a reminder of Poland’s rich cultural heritage and the resilience of its people.

In recent years, the anthem has also gained significance as a symbol of resistance and solidarity. During times of political unrest or external challenges, the Polish people often turn to their anthem as a source of inspiration and unity. It has become a rallying cry for those who seek to protect Poland’s values and independence.

The anthem’s powerful and emotive lyrics, combined with its historical context, make it a cherished symbol of Polish national pride and identity. It continues to inspire generations of Poles and serves as a reminder of their shared history and the importance of preserving their cultural heritage.

In conclusion, the Polish national anthem, “Mazurek Dąbrowskiego,” holds a special place in the hearts of the Polish people. Its powerful lyrics, historical context, and contemporary relevance make it a symbol of national pride and resilience. By singing this anthem, the Polish population reaffirms their commitment to their country and their determination to protect their values and independence.


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